In this article, we will examine the social-emotional learning activities for preschoolers and toddlers that support interaction and relationship skills. For example, identifying their emotions and understanding the feelings of others. As well as sharing and turn-taking activities for toddlers and preschoolers. Finally, we will explore cooperation and friendship skills for kids.
Social-Emotional Skills: Feelings And Emotions
Let's start with the all-important emotions and feelings. Your emotions affect how well you relate to others. Toddlers and preschoolers are ruled by their emotions. They have BIG feelings and very little impulse control. Just telling your child to be kind, loving, and caring isn't enough. We need to show them! Nothing works better than some playtime to model understanding and empathy.
Empathy May Be The Single Most Important Quality That Must Be Nurtured To Give Peace A Fighting Chance. - Arundhati Ray
Benefits Of Social-Emotional Learning Activities For Preschoolers And Toddlers
Engaging in social-emotional learning activities for preschoolers and toddlers promotes the following benefits.
- Recognizing and naming the core emotions builds emotional awareness and empathy.
- Connecting feelings and colors give visual cues.
- Naming or labeling emotions gives children the vocabulary words to express their feelings.
- Role-playing how to react to their BIG emotions teaches self-control.
- Social-emotional activities create a safe place for open communication about their emotions and feelings.
How To Support Social And Emotional Development In Preschoolers And Toddlers
Identify, express, and model various emotions with young children to help them become socially and emotionally competent. Additionally, reading books, playing games, singing songs, and social-emotional activities for preschoolers and toddlers, such as imaginative play, are other ways to practice their skills.
Let's look at the 5 core emotions: joy, sadness, anger, fear, and disgust. The Pixar movie "Inside Out" does a beautiful job of characterizing these emotions. We especially appreciate the correlation between colors and feelings. Meet the 5 character emotions from the movie.
After you watch the movie with your children, discuss the different characters and the feelings they represent. Talk about body language and facial expressions. Encourage your child to identify and express the moods by asking them to draw and "color" the various emotions.
Set an example by modeling an appropriate way to express our emotions. Kids need to see our feelings, and it is perfectly natural for adults to be happy, mad, or sad. It's what we do with those emotions that matter. Take the time to share with your child what made you feel the way you did and how you worked through it.
Kids are bound to have conflicts when playing together. Your role is to support them and, if appropriate, help them find a solution. For example, they both want the same toy, you might suggest a similar one. Or perhaps they could take turns or play with it together. Talk it through to see if they can resolve it on their own.
Read Books About Emotions
Reading stories to recognize, understand, and express their feelings, helps develop their social-emotional skills. Further discussion allows them to connect their emotions to a variety of characters. Here is a list of books to get you started.
- Are We There Yet? by Dan Santat
- Calm-Down Time by Elizabeth Verdick
- F Is for Feelings by Goldie Millar
- Feelings to Share from A to Z by Todd Snow
- I'm Sorry by Sam McBratney
- In My Heart: A Book Of Feelings by Jo Witek
- Llama Llama Mad at Mama by Anna Dewdney
- Have You Filled A Bucket Today? : A Guide to Daily Happiness for Kids: 10th Anniversary Edition by Carol McCloud
- Lots of Feelings by Shelley Rotner
- My Many Colored Days by Dr. Seuss
- The Great Big Book of Feelings by Mary Hoffman
- The Grumpy Morning by Pamela Duncan Edwards
- The I'M NOT SCARED Book by Todd Parr
- Today I Feel Silly, & Other MOODS That Make My Day by Jamie Lee Curtis
- Waiting by Kevin Henkes
- When I Feel Worried by Cornelia Maude Spelman
Good old-fashioned games are a great way to encourage taking turns, cooperation, and patience. How about a weekly game night with the family?
Role-Play With Puppets
Puppets are a fantastic non-threatening way to explore social and emotional scenarios. They help kids identify, understand, and examine how to regulate their feelings and manage social situations. For example, puppets can role-play how to handle a "problem" with a friend. Such as, "I wanted to play with Hannah today, but she was playing with Sarah and said I couldn't join them." "What should I do?" Also, they can help start difficult conversations.
Social-Emotional Development Activities For Preschoolers And Toddlers: Feelings And Emotions
Fun, social-emotional activities for preschoolers and toddlers encourage awareness, understanding, and self-expression. Additionally, they can teach empathy and prepare them emotionally for the future.
The game is all about emotions. Write down some different feelings on index cards. If you would like to elaborate, you can have your kids draw feeling faces on the cards to match the emotion name. Next, have one child pick a card and act out the emotion listed on the card. The rest of the players need to try and guess which feeling they are mimicking.
Feeling Face Mats
Create some "Feeling Face Mats" using paper plates or paper circles. Either print out emoticon faces from the internet and glue them on. Or have your child draw faces on the plates showing a variety of emotions. You can choose to incorporate color to represent feelings. For example, a red face might represent the "angry" face. Start with the simplest ones like happy, sad, scared, or angry. Use more or fewer emotions based on your child's age and stage of development. The mats are perfect for the following games.
Tape the "Feeling Faces Mats" to the floor with painters' tape (please check your floor before taping them all down.) Then call out a feeling and have your child jump or hop to the correct emotion. Once there, have them tell you, "What makes them feel that way? " Or, "How their bodies feel when they experience that feeling?" For those children just learning about their emotions, keep it to a few "Feeling Face Mats" on the ground.
Feelings Bean Bag Toss
In this version, instead of having your kids jump or hop to the mats, have them toss a bean bag to the emotion, you called out. Continue on by having them describe a situation where they felt that emotion.
Musical Feelings Game
Similar to musical chairs, only you do not remove anything. Use the "Feeling Face Mats" and tape them down on the floor in a circle. Then play some music. Next, have the children walk around the circle. When the music stops, have your child act out the emotion or feeling they landed on.
Emotions Stress Balls
All you need for a fun craft and activity is five balloons, a sharpie, and some homemade playdough or uncooked rice. First, create small balls of playdough and stuff them into the balloons. You can hold open the balloons while your kids' stuff in the playdough. Once full, push out any air and tie off the balloons. Then draw faces with a Sharpie on the balloons representing happy, sad, angry, scared and surprised. As an alternative, you can fill them with uncooked rice. Why not try both for a comparison?
Kids enjoy crafts, so why not create some masks to help explore their feelings. Here you need paper plates, popsicle sticks, tape and markers, crayons, or paints. Cut each plate in half and tape a popsicle stick to the rounded edge of each half plate. Have your child draw a mouth and a nose on each mask. Now get exploring some emotions. Be silly and mix up the feelings, for example, your child could give angry eyes with a happy face mask.
Social-Emotional Skills: Cooperation
The ability to work with others is a fundamental skill, one that is necessary for building a community. Cooperation requires excellent communication skills. Previously, we looked at the social activities for preschoolers and toddlers that reinforced active listening, following directions, making eye contact, and using good manners. Additionally, preschoolers need to learn to contribute, collaborate, and cooperate toward a common goal. They must work together!
Typically, young children do not have the skills to work together until about age three and a half. At this time, you will begin to see them engage in cooperative play, whether playing a game or building a tower out of giant blocks. This is a time where you might see leadership roles emerge. Regardless, cooperation requires mutual respect, discussion, compromise, and understanding.
Block play activities are excellent for inspiring children to engage in child-centered, collaborative play. Playing in a group encourages both communication and social skills. Children begin to relate to a common goal, and therefore it is easier to build relationships.
Throughout life, kids will be asked to be a part of a team. Therefore, it is essential to communicate and model the importance of working together. What better way than for the family to work as a "team." Consider assigning everyone an age-appropriate chore that creates more time for "family fun." Or what about dinner time, give each person a task to help get dinner on the table. Focus on the importance of cooperation and how it makes things work better.
A Good Compromise Is One Where Everybody Makes A Contribution. - Angela Merkel
Sharing And Taking Turns
One of the essential skills connected to cooperation is sharing. Taking turns and sharing does not come easily for children, they need a lot of practice. Furthermore, they actually have to be taught, so start small.
How do you positively reinforce these skills? One by modeling them. It can be challenging for youngsters who want their magnetic blocks all to themselves. Yet, children are inclined to imitate the behaviors they see. So set a good example when interacting with your friends and family. Let them see you sharing. For example, you can say to your child, "I will share my orange with you. Here are some pieces for you and some for me."
Another way to support these skills is through praise. When you see kids sharing and taking turns, praise them. By bringing attention to their good behavior, they are more likely to repeat it because they like the good feelings it brings.
Both role-playing and talking to your child about sharing are beneficial. Explain why it is important to share—for example, asking how they might feel when their sibling or friend does not share with them. Sometimes just helping them understand could possibly help them to be more compassionate with others.
When all else fails, use a timer. Despite your best effort, there are times when kids are not going to want to take turns or share. Using a timer like a stopwatch can help them get excited about the next activity and prepare for the change. When they hear the timer, they know it is the next person's turn.
The actual concept of sharing doesn't really develop until about age 5. So keep in mind the age and development of the child to be sure your expectations match their capabilities.
Sharing And Turn-Taking Activities For Toddlers And Preschoolers
Share A Snack
Have your child help you prepare and pass out a snack. For example, give them some boxes of raisins and have them pass one out to each person. Using verbal cues like "One for your sister, please."
Bean Bag Conversation
Create a circle. Pass the bean bag to the youngest child. Ask, "What is something you would like to share with your friend or sibling?" After they share their answer. Have them toss the bean bag to another child. Play until everyone has had a turn.
Share A Story
Create a circle. In this activity, you are going to tell a progressive story. Decide together how the story will start. Hold the ball, narrate the beginning of the story, and then add one thing that happens next. Roll the ball across the circle to the next child. Each child adds one more thing that happens to the story. Use questions to help prompt those struggling with ideas. For example, "Where did he go?" or "What did she do?"
Self Portrait Sharing
Inspire your child to draw a picture of themselves. Have them include friends or siblings. Expand the drawing by asking them to show themselves sharing.
Here is an easy and creative way to model sharing. Grab your painting supplies and a large sheet of paper. Decide together what you will paint. Next, start painting. Ask them to "Pass you the red paint?" Also, share your tools with them. This type of activity helps "sharing" become a natural part of daily play.
Social-Emotional Skills: Friendship
Having friends is important at any age! Everyone wants and needs friends. Some friendships will last a season and others a lifetime. Regardless, the value of friendship is priceless. It provides experiences and builds memories—that is why teaching kids about friendship is essential.
Sometimes making and keeping friends can be a challenge for kids. Regularly talk with your children about friends. Ask them, "Who are your friends?" or "What do you like to do together?" Talk about "What makes a good friend," and "How can they be a good friend?"
To have a friend, you must be a friend. For example, if you are kind to others, they will be kind to you. Friends play together and work together. They are someone you enjoy spending time with. Friends are kind, caring, and gentle. A friend is "pal" or a "buddy." You can laugh or cry with a friend. Friends make you feel special.
You Have Been My Friend. That In Itself Is A Tremendous Thing. - E.B. White
Social-Emotional Activities For Toddlers And Preschoolers: Friendship
Discuss some of the keys to friendship. For example, friends should be respectful, kind, helpful, forgiving, generous, and patient. This means that your child needs to learn these valuable qualities, too. Try out some of these easy social-emotional learning activities for preschoolers and toddlers.
What Is A Good Friend?
This is an easy activity that discusses "What Makes A Good Friend?" Work with your kids and create a list of the qualities that they think makes a good friend—like someone who shares, who is kind, or who makes you laugh. Once your list has been completed, have your kids draw pictures for each of the qualities. Then post it somewhere as a reminder of "What makes a good friend?"
Please Pass The Ice Cream?
Based on the book "Should I Share My Ice Cream?" by Mo Willems. Create cones from brown cardstock rolled into the shape of a cone, one for each player. Use a lightweight ball, like a plastic softball, foam ball, or ball pit ball. Make sure that the ball fits inside of the cone before you start. Put the ball into one of the cones to represent the "ice cream." Pass the "ice cream" from cone to cone, having each child share it with a friend. Encourage them to use "please" and "thank you" when sharing. For instance, one child asks, "Would you like to share my ice cream?" Another answers, "Yes, please!" or "No, thank you!"
This game is a fun way to introduce "new friends" and the concept of having more than one friend. Each child is given a magnetic wooden block. Make sure you have enough matching blocks that, in the end, every child will find a partner. Have the kids move around the room looking for their "friend," the child with the matching block. Once they find their "buddy," they click their blocks together, link arms, and stay together until everyone has a "pal."
Kids love this fun and interactive game. Create a circle. One child stands and tells one thing about themselves: their favorite food, color, or animal. All the other children who share the same favorite things stand and shout, "That's me!" The person who shared then chooses one of the kids who stood up to lead.
Say Something Kind
Another circle game. Do you see a theme here? Circles have no beginning or end and are inclusive. They are a great way to build community.
Have your kids form a circle. To start, have an adult toss a beach ball to one of the children, saying something kind about them. When the child catches the ball, they then toss it to another kid, saying something kind to them. Make sure everyone has a chance to say something kind.
At The Zoo (Or Other Familiar Places)
Encourage your children to work together in their block play area to build a zoo! Prompt them with questions about what it was like "When they went to the zoo?" "What did they see?". What's important is that they are working together. They can build enclosures for the animals. Get creative and use pieces of fabric or paper for water. Include natural elements like stones, leaves, and small trees for creating animal habitats. Add some books about the zoo, block play people, animals, signs, and vehicles.
Easy social-emotional activities for preschoolers and toddlers are an exciting way to help children learn about their emotions, cooperation, sharing, and friendship. For more social activities that support social-emotional development, check out our "17+ Easy Social Activities For Toddlers And Preschoolers" post. Until next time, leave a comment about what you are building, playing, and practicing.